VOCABULARY 5

                         ‘You only know a word when you CAN USE IT to say something.’

Improving your English vocabulary

Having a great English vocabulary doesn’t just mean that you can understand lots of words and phrases: it also means that you can use these words and phrases and that you can remember them when you need them.

This is the difference between an active and a passive vocabulary. Generally, most people’s passive vocabulary is far bigger than their active vocabulary, and the secret is to try and “activate” passive knowledge.

There are a number of ways that you can activate your passive vocabulary in English, ranging from simple five-minute activities to longer periods of study. Most activities work best if a) you have a good English dictionary, and b) you keep a vocabulary notebook.

  • Good English dictionaries

A good English dictionary should be up-to-date (no more than five years old!) and should be easy to understand. Make sure that the definitions are written in clear English. Pictures also help you to understand some words. I strongly recommend the Longman range of dictionaries, as there is good coverage of spoken and written English, British and American English, as well as clear example sentences.

  • Vocabulary notebooks

When you come across a new English word or phrase, make a note of it! Look up the meaning in the dictionary, making sure you are aware of any grammatical information. (For instance, if you are looking up a verb, check to see if the verb can be used in a passive form, if it is followed by any particular preposition, and so on.) Check also for the pronunciation and use of a word. Is it particularly formal or informal, or used in certain word partnerships? For example, we say “do housework”, but “make an effort”.

When you find a new word, check to see if you can use it in other ways. English is a flexible language – nouns, verbs and adjectives often share the same stem. For example, a house, to house, housing policy, and so on.

When you write down your new word in your notebook, try to include an example sentence in English.

Some people find it helpful to organise notebooks into themes. So rather than having a list of words without any obvious connection, you divide your notebook into themes, with one page containing words to do with the house, another page with words to do with jobs, and so on.

Quick English vocabulary booster activities

1. An English word a day

Choose a new word or phrase from your notebook and try to use it as often as possible in one day. Think of situations where you would need to use it, and write down a couple of example sentences. Go back to this word or phrase after a week, to make sure you still remember it.

Some people find index cards useful. You can write down the word on the card and carry it around with you for a day, taking it out of your pocket whenever you have a moment and trying to put it into a sentence.

2. Review

The next time you have a spare couple of minutes, flick through your notebook. You’ll be surprised how much comes back to you! Choose a page where you have already stored a number of words and expressions, cover the page, and try to remember what you wrote. Then look at the page and see how many you remember.

3. One word at a time

When you read a page of a book or newspaper, decide you will only look up one word in a dictionary. When you write it down in your notebook, also make a note of any synonyms (words that mean the same) or the opposite of the new word.

4. English word building

Take a prefix (such as “en”, or “pre”) and make a list of all the words that can follow. (For example, encircle, enclose, enlist; prenatal, premature, pre-war.) Here are some more prefixes you can use:
dis, il, im, ir, pro, anti, de, un, con, re

Longer English vocabulary learning activities

1. Read

Read something that interests you. It could be a newspaper, a novel, a magazine, or even an English “graded reader” (a simplified book). Working page by page, underline the words or phrases that you don’t know. Look up only those that are important for understanding, or which are repeated. Use a good dictionary, and make a note in your English vocabulary notebook.

2. Blitz

Focus on a theme, such as sport. Divide one page of your notebook into three columns. In the first column write down as many sports as you can think of. In the second, write down all the equipment you need for the sport. In the third, write down the scoring systems. You might end up with something that looks like this:

tennis racquet, ball, net umpire, love, linesman

football pitch, ball, goal posts referee, offside, penalty

You can use this method for many different themes: houses (rooms of house, furniture, styles); jobs (names of jobs, places where these jobs are done, characteristics of the job) and so on.

3. Word association

Write a key word in the middle of a page and draw a bubble around it. Then draw lines out from this word connected to smaller bubbles. In the smaller bubbles you can add words associated with the main word.

For example, you could write “email” in the middle of a page. Then the smaller bubbles could contain words such as “write”, “compose”, “receive”, “delete”, “reply” and so on.

From: http://www.english-at-home.com/vocabulary/improving-your-vocabulary/

Recommended  Monolingual Dictionaries  (try to use as much as possible)

                                                                                                                                                                                          

Cambridge Dictionary Search

Cambridge Dictionaries Online
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Oxford English Dictionary

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Extras for Face2Face Upper Intermediate

Face2Face Upper Intermediate vocabulary unit by unit.

f2f_uints_English_Spanish.xls 

 UNIT 1                                                                                                                                      

Education

http://www.shertonenglish.com/resources/es/vocabulary/school-and-education.php

http://www.shertonenglish.com/resources/es/vocabulary/school-and-education.php

http://www.languageguide.org/english/grammar/esp/part2/school2.jsp

Practice

http://www.learnenglish.de/vocabulary/education.htm

http://www.esl-lab.com/vocab/v-education.htm

university voc ex.doc

 UNIT 2                                                                                                                                       

Emotions and Feelings

http://www.ompersonal.com.ar/OMFIRST2/ALAKUSH10/lesson37/page1.htm

http://www.shertonenglish.com/resources/es/vocabulary/feelings-and-emotions.php

http://www.shertonenglish.com/resources/es/vocabulary/moods.php

http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/vocabulary/lefg1_vocabulary6.html

http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/vocabulary/lefg1_vocabulary7.html

http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/vocabulary/lefg1_vocabulary44.html

Adjective + preposition   

http://wwwedu.ge.ch/cptic/prospective/projets/anglais/exercises/adjprep1.htm

http://wwwedu.ge.ch/cptic/prospective/projets/anglais/exercises/adjprep2.htm

http://www.english-4u.de/adj_prep_ex1.htm

http://www.english-4u.de/adj_prep_ex2.htm

http://www.english-4u.de/adj_prep_ex3.htm

Word-building

- Suffixes

Suffixes – endings list 1.doc
Suffixes – endings list 2.doc

Practice
suffixes ex + key.doc

http://elc.polyu.edu.hk/CiLL/eap/2004/u2/suffixes4meaningandclass.htm

more…

http://www.ac-nancy-metz.fr/enseign/anglais/Henry/wordformation.htm

http://www.languageproject.co.uk/free_exercises/exercise_page.php?ID=29 Character.

http://www.languageproject.co.uk/free_exercises/exercise_page.php?ID=26

http://www.languageproject.co.uk/free_exercises/exercise_page.php?ID=28

http://www.ompersonal.com.ar/OMFIRST2/ALAKUSH10/lesson38/page3.htm

 UNIT 3                                                                                                                                       

Verb + preposition   

A list to print out.

Verb + prepositions.doc 

Online list with meaning, examples and translation.

http://www.ompersonal.com.ar/omphrasal/phrasalverbsA.htm     

Practice

http://www.learn-english-today.com/wordgames/quizzes-printable/ph-verbs1.ht

http://www.englishpage.com/prepositions/prepositions.html

http://wwwedu.ge.ch/cptic/prospective/projets/anglais/exercises/verbprep.htm

http://wwwedu.ge.ch/cptic/prospective/projets/anglais/exercises/verbprep2.htm

Crime

http://www.sherton.com.ar/vocabulario/crimes.htm   A List

Practice

http://esl.fis.edu/vocab/q1/crime.htm

http://www.ac-nancy-metz.fr/enseign/anglais/Henry/violence.htm  Lots of activities

http://a4esl.org/q/f/z/zz34mmn.htm

http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/333.html   

http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/328.html   Rob & Steal

Law

Watch this video

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sDcTXidHhNU&feature=related

 UNIT 4                                                                                                                                      

Phrasal Verbs

Difference between phrasal and prepositonal verbs

http://www.ompersonal.com.ar/omphrasal/contenidotematico.htm

http://www.fortunecity.com/bally/durrus/153/gramch27.html

Online list with meaning, examples and translation.

http://www.shertonenglish.com/resources/es/phrasal-verbs.php

Videos

http://es.youtube.com/watch?v=HlV0LjhRnYM&feature=related

http://es.youtube.com/watch?v=INafGKKotA4

http://es.youtube.com/watch?v=758TpZvjleI&feature=related

http://es.youtube.com/watch?v=ji8uujmFo4s&feature=related

http://es.youtube.com/watch?v=0Qzd7zNt-qA  Get Phrasal Verbs

Practice

http://www.oup.com/elt/global/products/englishfile/upperint/g_phrasal/

http://english-language.webpark.pl/phrasal_verbs.html

http://www.languageproject.co.uk/free_exercises/exercise_page.php?ID=33 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/radio/specials/148_phrasalverbs/index.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/radio/specials/1715_faceup/index.shtml

http://a4esl.org/q/h/idioms.html

http://users.telenet.be/oldlark2002/

Linking words

http://www.ompersonal.com.ar/omgrammar/contraste.htm

http://www.ompersonal.com.ar/omgrammar/contraste2.htm

http://www.ompersonal.com.ar/OMFIRST2/ALAKUSH10/lesson39/page1.htm

http://www.ac-nancy-metz.fr/enseign/anglais/Henry/link.htm

http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/connectsum.html

Practice

Contrast

http://mbonillo.xavierre.com/httpdocs/exercises/bch2/2bch2008/contrast4.htm

http://www.ompersonal.com.ar/OMFIRST2/ALAKUSH10/lesson39/page2.htm

http://www.esl-lounge.com/student/grammar/4g67-linking-words.php

Translation exercises

http://mbonillo.xavierre.com/httpdocs/exercises/bch2/2bch2008/contrast3.htm

Rephrasing

http://mbonillo.xavierre.com/httpdocs/exercises/bch2/2bch2008/contrph2bch5.htm

http://mbonillo.xavierre.com/httpdocs/exercises/bch2/2bch2008/contrph2bch6.htm


More Linking Words

Linking Words Chart.doc

Linking words and phrases.pdf

Linking words examples.doc

http://www.shertonenglish.com/resources/es/connectors.php

http://englishonline.free.fr/GrammarAndHelp/HowToExpressThoughts/LinkwordsDoc.htm

http://www.learnamericanenglishonline.com/Violet%20Level/Violet%20Level.html

Practice

http://www.languageproject.co.uk/free_exercises/exercise_page.php?ID=35 So, Though, Although and Also

http://www.learn-english-today.com/free-english-lessons/free-english-lesson_contents/linking-words-ex.htm

http://english.baladre.org/sedaviwebfront/connectormixed1.htm

http://www.better-english.com/grammar/con2.htm   

http://www.quia.com/mc/127013.html?AP_rand=764551662

http://suz.digitaleschulebayern.de/english/expression/linking1.htm?docbase=http://suz.digitaleschulebayern.de/english/expression/index.php

http://suz.digitaleschulebayern.de/english/expression/linking2.htm?docbase=http://suz.digitaleschulebayern.de/english/expression/index.php  conjunctions

http://suz.digitaleschulebayern.de/english/expression/linking_languagehistory1.htm?docbase=http://suz.digitaleschulebayern.de/english/expression/index.php

 UNIT 5                                                                                                                                                                

Animals 

http://www.eflnet.com/vocab/animal_vocabulary.php 

http://www.ac-nancy-metz.fr/enseign/anglais/Henry/insects.htm   Bugs and Insects

http://www.shertonenglish.com/resources/es/vocabulary/insects-reptiles.php   Insects and Reptiles

http://www.shertonenglish.com/resources/es/vocabulary/birds.php   Birds

http://www.shertonenglish.com/resources/es/vocabulary/mammals.php   Mammals

http://www.shertonenglish.com/resources/es/vocabulary/water-animals.php   Water Animals

http://www.languageguide.org/im/africa/eng/   African Animal

http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/ Great site

Read, Listen and Surf the pictorial vocabulary guide

http://www.languageguide.org/english/grammar/esp/part3/animals.jsp

Watch these videos

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BIr1ryxyrrQ&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yZV3kkNHimg

Practice 

http://iteslj.org/v/ei/animals.html 

http://www.ac-nancy-metz.fr/enseign/anglais/Henry/anim.htm

http://www.ac-nancy-metz.fr/enseign/anglais/Henry/anim2.htm   

Plants

http://www.languageguide.org/im/plants/eng/   Plants

http://www.shertonenglish.com/resources/es/vocabulary/plants-and-trees.php   Plants and Trees

http://www.ac-nancy-metz.fr/enseign/anglais/Henry/fleur.htm    Flowers

http://www.shertonenglish.com/resources/es/vocabulary/flowers.php   Flowers

http://www.shertonenglish.com/resources/es/vocabulary/fruits.php   Fruits

http://www.languageguide.org/im/fruits/eng/   Fruits

http://www.shertonenglish.com/resources/es/vocabulary/vegetables.php   Vegetables

http://www.languageguide.org/im/veg/eng/     Vegetables

http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/plants/glossary/index.shtml   Botany and Paleobotany Dictionary

Read and Listen

http://www.languageguide.org/english/grammar/esp/part3/farm.jsp

Watch this video

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ry81yc7wjQk&feature=related   Fruits and Vegetables 

Environment

http://www.enchantedlearning.com/biomes/   Biomes – Habitats

http://toxtown.nlm.nih.gov/flash/city/flash.php

http://www.britishcouncil.org/kids-games-hangman-environment.htm

http://www.britishcouncil.org/kids-games-green-quiz.htm

Homophones/Homonyms

http://www.cooper.com/alan/homonym.html

Practice 

http://www.manythings.org/wbg/homonyms_1-jw.html

http://www.manythings.org/wbg/homonyms_2-jw.html

http://www.manythings.org/wbg/homonyms_3-jw.html

http://a4esl.org/q/h/dt/ho01.html   Up to 52 quizzes

 UNIT 6                                                                                                                                       

Expressions followed by -ing

http://www.ompersonal.com.ar/OMFIRST2/AMARENA12/lesson46/page1.htm

http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/expression_ing.htm 

http://assets.cambridge.org/97805215/32907/excerpt/9780521532907_excerpt.pdf  

http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verbs-gerunds.htm    

http://www.123teachme.com/learn_spanish/expresiones_con_un_gerundio_1    

Practice 

http://www.ompersonal.com.ar/OMFIRST2/AMARENA12/lesson46/page2.htm

http://www.languageproject.co.uk/free_exercises/exercise_page.php?ID=30  

http://www.geocities.com/vcqm/gerundinf.html    

For more info and exercises see Unit 1 http://peperojoeoi2.wik.is/B2.1/GRAMMAR

Compound adjectives describing character

http://digitalenglish.blogfa.com/post-33.aspx

Watch this video

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W0zBXxTWcpg 

Other Adjectives Used to Describe Character

http://www.johnsesl.com/templates/vocab/character.php

http://www.lingolex.com/personalidad.htm

http://www.ac-nancy-metz.fr/enseign/anglais/Henry/des.htm

http://www.eslflow.com/describingpeoplelessonplans.html

More compounds

http://www.ompersonal.com.ar/OMFIRST2/FLORIDA6/lesson22/page3.htmç

Politeness

http://www.ac-nancy-metz.fr/enseign/anglais/Henry/polite.htm

 UNIT 7                                                                                                                                       

Word-building: prefixes

http://www.englishclub.com/vocabulary/prefixes.htm

Practice 

http://elc.polyu.edu.hk/cill/eap/2004/pg14prefixcrossword.htm

http://www.ac-nancy-metz.fr/enseign/anglais/Henry/wordformation.htm

Phones

Practice 

http://www.languageproject.co.uk/free_exercises/exercise_page.php?ID=60   multiple choice

http://www.languageproject.co.uk/free_exercises/exercise_page.php?ID=165    multiple choice

Business and Trade

Watch these videos

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qLn1rAuZuVA

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j37f7hEhOK8&feature=channel

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=270NOPYz3x4&feature=channel

Links

http://www.rong-chang.com/business.htm  

Practice 

http://www.languageproject.co.uk/free_exercises/exercise_page.php?ID=158   multiple choice

http://www.englishpage.com/vocabulary/interactivelesson18.html   E-commerce

http://www.better-english.com/vocabulary.htm

Business expressions

http://a4esl.org/q/h/9801/pb-busi1.html

http://a4esl.org/q/h/9801/pb-busi2.html

http://a4esl.org/q/h/9801/pb-busi3.html

Internet

Practice 

http://www.englishpage.com/vocabulary/interactivelesson3.html

http://www.esl-lab.com/vocab/v-computers.htm 

Fillers, False starts

http://www.englishpond.com/speaking/Communication%20and%20daily%20English/thinkingtime%20fillers/index.html

Features of authentic speech.doc       

 UNIT 8                                                                                                                                                             

Money 

http://www.languageguide.org/english/grammar/esp/part3/buy.jsp

http://www.esl-lab.com/vocab/v-bank.htm   Bank Services

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/7642138.stm#commodities   

Practice 

http://www.ompersonal.com.ar/OMFIRST2/ALASKA9/lesson34/page2.htm 

http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/320.html

http://www.michellehenry.fr/argent.htm

Synonyms

Practice 

http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/38.html

http://www.ac-nancy-metz.fr/enseign/anglais/Henry/syn.htm

 UNIT 9                                                                                                                                              

Cinema

http://www.ac-nancy-metz.fr/enseign/anglais/Henry/cine.htm

Homonyms

http://www.ac-nancy-metz.fr/enseign/anglais/Henry/homonym.htm

 UNIT 10                                                                                                                                      

Household appliances

http://www.ac-nancy-metz.fr/enseign/anglais/Henry/maison.htm#appli

Man & Woman

http://www.ac-nancy-metz.fr/enseign/anglais/Henry/manwoman.htm

Compound nouns and adjectives

Watch these videos

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qBrp62NfESg

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RNYUY0obJRE

http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/nouncompound.htm

http://www.edufind.com/English/Grammar/NOUNS4.CFM

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/GRAMMAR/compounds.htm   (higher level)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_compound   (higher level)

Practice 

http://a4esl.org/q/h/vm/m-cm.html

http://www.englishmedialab.com/Quizzes/advanced/compound%20adjectives%20match.htm

http://www.english-in-chester.co.uk/stayintouch/compound-nouns-english-language-practice_46.html

 UNIT 11                                                                                                                                       

General Business Terms

Practice 

http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/vocabulary/lefg1_vocabulary35.html

http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/vocabulary/lefg1_vocabulary36.html

http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/vocabulary/lefg1_vocabulary41.html

http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/vocabulary/lefg1_vocabulary42.html

http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/vocabulary/lefg1_vocabulary_nbiz2.html

http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/vocabulary/lefg1_vocabulary_nbiz3.html

http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/vocabulary/lefg1_vocabulary43.html

 UNIT 12                                                                                                                                       

                       

————————————————————————

Some more…

Vocabulary, organized by Categories.

http://www.shertonenglish.com/resources/es/vocabulary.php

Practice

http://www.esl-lounge.com/student/vocabulary-intermediate.php

http://www.esl-lounge.com/student/vocabulary-advanced.php

Time Expressions

http://www.ompersonal.com.ar/OMFIRST2/BRASIL08/lesson31/page2.htm   Part I

http://www.ompersonal.com.ar/OMFIRST2/BRASIL08/lesson31/page3.htm   Part II

Practice

http://www.ompersonal.com.ar/OMFIRST2/BRASIL08/lesson31/page4.htm

Irregular verbs

http://www.shertonenglish.com/resources/es/irregular-verbs.php

Practice

http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises_list/verbs.htm

http://www.rong-chang.com/irregular_verbs_ex.htm

Word-building

http://www.slideshare.net/eduncan/new-word-formation   Interesting video

http://www.slideshare.net/teflang/word-formation-in-english

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